Beetles and Larvae
- Grubs (also known as grubworms, May beetle or Junebug larvae)
- Japanese beetles – potential new exotic invasive species with white grub immature stages
- Hunting billbug
Caterpillars are the immature stages of moths and butterflies. They have chewing mouthparts and feed mainly on foliage. Blades of grass damaged by caterpillars often appear ragged or may be skeletonized with only the leaf veins and one surface of the leaf remaining. Close examination of the thatch around damaged grass often reveals silk webbing and “frass” (excrement) left by the caterpillars. Damage often is spotty or localized. Several species of caterpillars can be found in Texas turfgrass.
Chinch bugs are sucking insects that feed on the crowns of grasses injecting toxic saliva that can cause wilting and death of turfgrass, usually in spots of infestation.
Other Pests of Turfgrass
- Mole crickets – Southern, Northern and Tawny mole cricket species
- Mites – clover mites and Bermudagrass mites
- Leafhoppers – species including invasive red-streaked leafhopper
- Scale insects – Rhodesgrass mealybug, ground pearls and others
- Ground-nesting wasps and bees – Cicada killers, sand wasps and others
- Exotic pests and diseases